More on Orthopedic Surgery
There are many instances whereby a patient may need to go through orthopedic surgical procedures so as to provide a cure to their ailment. Most of these conditions are those that are associated with, pain, mobility issues and also limitations in the performance of daily activities. The surgical procedures are normally done to aid in the relief of presenting symptoms and also correct any underlying deformities.
In the elderly patients, a common procedure that is usually done is the replacement of a joint. A common cause of this is the presence of pathological fractures and also recurrent infection. Apart from the joint damage that is caused by pathological fractures, underlying arthritis that is not well managed can cause bony abnormalities and hence the need for surgical correction. As a result of this, a person is not able to move a limb through the normal planes hence limited performance of normal activities such as basic movements. Apart from the named causes, degenerative changes are also attributable to the change in morphological and functional properties of the affected joint.
There is need to note that some cases are difficult to come up with the exact diagnosis if adequate joint exploration is not done. Joints that are commonly explored include the knee, hip and shoulder joints In the performance of the procedure, the joint has to be opened first so as to enable detailed assessment of the extent of damage, removal of the damaged tissue and also replacement of the damaged joint. The replacement can be partial or total depending on the degree of joint damage that is present. During the procedure, a wide range of materials can be used to represent a normal one.
Excessive strain on a muscle, especially during exercise and lifting of heavy weights, can cause rupture of the muscle and this requires to be repaired surgically. Rotator cuff muscles are prone to tear in individuals who are involved in high-risk sports. For these particular group of people, they usually present to the emergency department with swelling, pain and also decreased limb mobility. To correct the issue, surgery is usually performed.
Usually, the spine is affected by a number of issues which may necessitate surgical intervention. Usually, surgical intervention of the spine is indicated so as to help reduce compression of the cord by the underlying deformities. In patients who have cord compression, they present with back pain and inability to stand upright. Even though conservative intervention may be indicated, surgical intervention may be the only definitive cure. The aim of the procedures that are performed in such instances include decompression of the spine and also a fusion of the spine.