When metals are cut, bended and assembled into various sizes and shapes, the process is referred to as metal fabrication. Generally, this job is done with the use of different specialized tools and processes like welding and forming in a fabrication and machine shop.
Fabrication methods can also be specialized and these are brazing, shearing, forming, extrusion, forging, heat treatment, powder coating, casting, spinning, and chipping, just to mention a few. Some forms of specialization which are of higher level are named to be electrical, machine design, and hydraulics.
Metal fabrication uses several raw materials like plate metal, formed metal, tube stock, square stock, welding wire, castings, hardware and fittings. To complete the processes of metal fabrication, it would undergo several stages, from cutting and burning, to forming, machining, welding and final assembly.
Metal fabrication processes are used to manufacture different machines and structures. The more famous materials that are used for metal fabrication in the creation of many industrial and consumer products like loose parts, structural frames for buildings and machines are the sheet metal and stainless steel.
Sheet metal fabrication involves forming the metal into thin and flat pieces called sheet metal, and these can be in different gauges or thicknesses, and then cut and bent into various shapes and sizes.
Aside from the flat pieces, sheet metal is also produced in coiled strips which are usually made out of metals of aluminum, brass, copper, steel, tin, nickel and titanium. For decorative purposes, they sometimes use gold, silver and platinum.
The bodies of cars, wings of airplane, materials for buildings and equipment for food processing and others would use sheet metal fabrication.
Stainless steel is a very strong material that contains amounts of iron, chromium and other elements, making it resistance to corrosion, staining and thus has a very low maintenance. Since it is completely recyclable, this material is used in things that would need its property.
Depending on where you want to use the stainless steel, you can choose from its different grades and surface finishes, like brushed, satin, mirror and abrasive finishes.
Out of the very intensive process of metal fabrication would result to the production of several industrial and consumer products. Many of the things that we use every day are manufactured using the main applications of metal fabrication which are the sheet metal fabrication and the stainless steel fabrication.
The protection of metal can be your choice depending on your need and budget, and so after the metal underwent cutting, joining and welding, you can decide if you will have it powder coated or sandblasted.